Fall Prevention

"Did you know that 1 in 3 Americans aged 65+ fall every year? Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries for older Americans. Falls are costly—in dollars and in quality of life. However, falling is not an inevitable part of aging. Through practical lifestyle adjustments, evidence-based programs, and community partnerships, the number of falls among seniors can be reduced substantially." - ncoa.org Read more.


 


DID YOU KNOW?

One-third of adults over the
age of 65 are likely to fall this year, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), and they probably
won’t be the only ones
harmed. The good news is
that research shows that older adults can proactively prevent falls and their dangerous consequences with the help
of a physical therapist.

 

An estimated 126.1 million
adults have felt some pain in
the past 3 months, and 25.3 million adults suffer from pain daily, according to a recent study featured in the Journal of Pain (Estimates of Pain Prevalence and Severity in Adults: United States, 2012 – August 2015).
Meanwhile, 14.4 million adults were classified as having “the highest level of pain,” and 23.4 million adults were classified
as having “a lot of pain.” Even more distressing, many Americans are treating pain
with dangerous prescription drugs. The good news is that physical therapists provide an effective, if underused,
alternative to prescription
drugs in the treatment of pain.

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F.A.S.T. Thinking is Key to Detecting the Signs of a STROKE

F = Face Drooping.
Ask the person to smile. Is their smile uneven? Is one side of
their face numb?

A = Arm Weakness.

Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward? Is one arm weak
or numb?

S = Speech Difficult.

Ask the person to repeat a
simple phrase. Does the
speech sound slurred
or strange?

T = Time to call 9-1-1.

If you observe any of these
signs, even if the symptoms
go away, call 9-1-1 and get
the person to the
emergency room.

JOINT REPLACEMENT

The knee is the most commonly replaced joint in the body. The decision to have knee replacement surgery is one that you should make in consultation with your orthopedic surgeon and your physical therapist. Usually, total knee replacement (TKR) surgery is performed when people have:
* Knee joint damage due to osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, other bone diseases, or fracture
* Knee pain or alignment problems in the leg that cause difficulty with walking, performing daily activities, or life tasks

A total knee replacement (TKR) involves removing the ends of the bones at the knee joint (the tibia, sometimes called “shin bone”) and the femur (thigh bone) and replacing them with artificial parts. Replacement parts consist of a metal cap placed on the end of the femur and a plastic cap placed on the top of the shin bone. Sometimes, a plastic insert is used to replace the kneecap.

To read more about joint replacements, visit MoveForwardPT.com's Guide to Total Knee Repelacement



MoveForwardPT.com's Guide to Balance Problems

Falls can diminish your ability to lead an active and independent life. About one third of people over the age of 65 and almost half of people over the age of 80 will fall at least once this year. There usually are several reasons for a fall. Physical therapists can help you reduce your risk of falling by:
* Assessing your risk of falling
* Helping you make your home as safe as possible
* Educating you about the medical risk factors linked to falls
* Designing individualized exercises and balance training
* Working with other health care professionals and community to create programs for people who want to reduce their risk of falling

To read more about falls, MoveForwardPT.com's Guide to Falls



 
The "rotator cuff" is a group of four muscles that are responsible for keeping the shoulder joint stable. Unfortunately, injuries to the rotator cuff are very common, either from injury or with repeated overuse of the shoulder. Injuries to the rotator cuff can vary as a person ages. Rotator cuff tears are more common later in life, but they also can occur in younger people. Athletes and heavy laborers are commonly affected; older adults also can injure the rotator cuff when they fall or strain the shoulder, such as when walking a dog that pulls on the leash. When left untreated, this injury can cause severe pain and a decrease in the ability to use the arm. To read more about rotator cuff tears, MoveForwardPT.com's Guide to Rotator Cuff Tear



 
Simple warmup exercises might be enough to prevent one of the most common serious knee injuries suffered by youth athletes, especially females, says article Warmup Exercises Reduce ACL Injuries MoveForewardPT.com.

A study published in The American Journal of Sports Medicine
concluded that neuromuscular control exercise programs appear to reduce the risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in female college soccer players.

More than 1,400 athletes from 61 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I women’s soccer teams participated in the study, and were divided into two groups. The overall ACL injury rate was 1.7 times less, and the noncontact ACL injury rate was 3.3 times less, in the athletes who performed specific intervention exercises three times a week during their fall season than in their peers who did not.

The beneficial neuromuscular warmup exercise programs included stretching, strengthening, plyometrics, and agilities to address potential deficits in the strength and coordination of the stabilizing muscles around the knee joint.



 
Simple Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects approximately 1% of the United States population. RA often results in pain and inflammation in joints on both sides of the body, and can become disabling due to its effect on the immune system. A physical therapist can help manage the symptoms of RA, enhancing an individual's quality of life. To read more about arthritis, MoveForwardPT.com's Guide to Rheumatoid Arthritis